Cannon Newcastle upon Tyne

Westgate Road,
Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4AE

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ABC 1 Former Stalls

Viewing: Photo | Street View

The Essoldo Cinema opened on 29th August 1938 with Dorothy Lamour in “The Hurricane”. This 2,200 seater (965 circle, 1235 stalls) was the flagship of Sol Scheckman’s Essoldo circuit. Situated on Westgate Road, known as ‘little Wardour Street’, it was opposite the Gaumont (now the Academy Newcastle) and adjacent to the Stoll Picture Theatre (now Tyne Theatre and Opera House) and the Pavilion Cinema. Film renters offices, including all the majors like M-G-M, 20th Century-Fox and United Artists, were located on Westgate Road also.

The Essoldo Cinema was designed by architect William Stockdale of North Shields and interior decoration was by M. Alexander & Son. It had full stage facilities and a tall fly tower and was equipped with a 2Manual Lafleur organ. There was a circle lounge cafe for the convenience of its patrons.

Throughout its lifetime it kept pace with all modern developments including Cinemascope, 6 track magnetic stereophonic sound, 70mm, Sensurround, Dolby Stereo etc. It was one of the few cinemas in the UK to boast 4 projectors in the 1960’s, ie two Cinemaccanica Victoria 8’s for 70mm Roadshow presentations and 2 Westars for 35mm General Releases.

The Essoldo Cinema was a first-run venue for much of its lifetime. Becoming a Roadshow venue in the 1950’s which included a season run of “The King And I”, M-G-M’s “Ben-Hur” opened in 1960. This was concurrent with London’s Empire Theatre, Leicester Square (the latter’s last presentation before it was subdivided into the Empire Ballroom and the smaller Empire cinema of today). “Ben-Hur” was to have run at the Essoldo Cinema for a whole year, but following a disagreement with M-G-M over terms it came off after 6 months – still impressive for a 1,975 seater (as it now was) in a relatively small provincial city.

Other ‘biggies’ were “My Fair Lady”, “Doctor Zhivago”, “The Battle of the Bulge”, “Far From The Madding Crowd” and “Paint Your Waggon” , which, apart from an extended run of “Woodstock” was the swansong of the Essoldo Cinema in its single screen form before it closed for twinning in February 1971.

The luxurious twin Essoldo Cinema re-opened after a six month closure with “Love Story” showing on a ‘showcase’ basis with separate performances and all seats fully bookable – in both theatres! The new capacities were: Essoldo 1 – 600 (the former stalls) Essoldo 2: 373 (the former rear circle). So there were now 973 seats with 2 screens as opposed to 1,975 with one…….a drastic loss of seating indeed!

It was, however, Essoldo’s new policy (though not in evidence at their less important cinemas) to emphasise comfort rather than capacity – not that the old Essoldo had ever been uncomfortable, of course — just it was now the 1970’s and cinema admissions were still falling dramatically. The main loss of seating was in the circle where the screen for Essoldo 2 was now situated within the Dress (Front) Circle area, which in itself had originally seated 400 patrons; consequently the centre and rear circle area had to be narrowed in order to make the new cinema symmetrical.

Patrons entering Essoldo 1, however, could not be prepared for a greater surprise – the stalls still had its full width and, at the stage end, almost its original height. Upon initial entry, the impression was given that one was entering the stalls area of a 2,000+ seater. This was an illusion, of course, for it seated only 600. Much of the rear stalls had been replaced by a new projection suite (Fedi projectors, 70mm, stereophonic sound), toilets and kiosks. The remainder of the stalls could still have seated about 900+ with conventional seating and legroom but instead, 600 luxury seats with headrests had been installed and there was sufficient legroom for one to stretch out fully — much more than the author has found in any of today’s much hyped multiplexes.

For that matter, the first time the author visited Essoldo 1 was for the first presentation after “Love Story” (which continued upstairs in Essoldo 2), this being the epic about Pearl Harbour, “Tora! Tora! Tora!”. Presented in 70mm and full 6 track stereo this 20th Century-Fox film was absolutely superb and neither before nor since has the author heard such effective stereo. The audience was literally ducking during the scene of the main attacks (I have not seen “Pearl Harbor” a recent film on the subject, but I doubt that it could have been as good as this!).

In 1974, ABC, now part of EMI, were looking for a location in the city because of problems with their Haymarket Theatre and their landlords, Newcastle University. They acquired the Essoldo Cinema and programmed it in conjunction with the Haymarket Theatre.

The occasional special presentation still played at the ABC, Westgate Road. By the 1980’s, however, the glory days were over. Video had dealt a final blow (almost) to British Cinema. Ironically, when admissions started to rise again in 1985, Thorn-EMI, the umbrella company of ABC put its cinema division, along with Elstree Studios, EMI Films (formerly ABPC) and Pathe Equipment, on the market.

Against everyone’s wishes the Cannon Group obtained the organisation and, always strapped for cash, that ‘infra dig’ company went on an asset stripping mission. The former Essoldo Cinema was one of the casualties when they closed in on 11th January 1990.

Contributed by Terry Charnock

Recent comments (view all 24 comments)

davepring
davepring on July 15, 2015 at 10:14 am

For me Cannon represented the dark days of cinema in the U.K. I was even hopeful that the ABC Management buy out would be a success but sadly this was not to be and many of our great cinemas have now disappeared from the townscape to be replaced by Odeon dull multiplexes.

terry
terry on September 3, 2015 at 4:40 pm

I have uploaded a number of ‘roadshow’ photos to the relevant section which I hope readers will find nostalgic………

terry
terry on September 18, 2015 at 12:43 pm

The Newcastle Essoldo was the very first cinema in the North East to present ‘Gone With The Wind’ when it was released in the UK in 1940. Several revivals later the film was reprocessed in both 35mm and 70mm widescreen ratios; the Essoldo was one of the initial UK roadshow venues to present it in the latter format.

Just before final closure there was a special one day presentation of the film in the large downstairs auditorium. At this time a 70mm copy was not available and thus we had to be content with a 35mm dolby stereo print.

Fabian_Breckels
Fabian_Breckels on April 9, 2016 at 12:29 pm

This was the first Newcastle cinema I visited when I was a student at the Poly between 1986 & 1989. I saw “Otello” in Screen 1 and have to admit the leg room was phenomenal. I reclined so much I go backache! it still had a real sense of occasion and size.

I saw many great films there but the one that sticks out was “Fatal Attraction”, then an “18” again in Screen 1. Two old ladies hobbled in and sat down near the front and I started thinking I’d gone to the wrong screen, or they had. Apparently not, after the movie they just hobbled out as the credits rolled.

Screen 2 was not as impressive but the sight lines were very good.

Essoldo’s metal cladding may not have been tat attractive but it was a great cinema, and it’s really depressing that the replacement building is so ugly.

terry
terry on April 12, 2016 at 12:21 pm

I have uploaded an image of the Front of House taken whilst operating as the ‘Cannon’….. I also have a photo of the 373 seat Screen 2 and a few more ‘Roadshow’ shots which I shall add when I locate them (I moved house a while ago).

I have re- read the overview of the Essoldo/ABC originally published here a few years ago and I have to point out an inaccuracy re Screen 2. This occupied the Rear Circle area, the Front Circle having been lost in the conversion process.

The old circle was configured as follows:–

Royal:10 rows (capacity 393) Centre:8 rows (capacity 304) Rear: 7 rows (capacity 268) Total: 25 rows (capacity 965).

Only the Centre and Rear sections were retained for the smaller Screen 2 and this area was drastically narrowed thus reducing the circle capacity from 965 to a mere 373.

Also lost in the conversion process was one of the circle staircases, a very large part of the once huge main Circle Foyer and a small Rear Circle Foyer.

terry
terry on June 2, 2016 at 4:31 pm

Another shot of the original auditorium uploaded.

terry
terry on August 9, 2016 at 8:16 am

Image of Special Presentation ticket uploaded to the photos section: ‘Half a Sixpence’ 17th April 1968, seat number P 25 which was on the fourth row of the Centre Circle.

terry
terry on September 17, 2016 at 1:46 pm

Uploaded to the photos section are the following:–

3 Roadshow shots. ABC 1 (former Stalls) with tabs open. Entrance foyer. ABC 2 (former Rear Circle: 3 shots).

inspector71
inspector71 on September 22, 2016 at 5:31 am

terry – your photos are fantastic – this is when cinema was cinema – sadly I never saw the essoldo when it was depicted in your photos – the first film I saw there was Star Trek – Wrath of Khan n 70mm (1982) – please keep posting your photos

terry
terry on September 23, 2016 at 12:33 pm

3 more images uploaded.

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