Cannon Newcastle upon Tyne

Westgate Road,
Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4AE

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ABC 1 Former Stalls

Viewing: Photo | Street View

The Essoldo Cinema opened on 29th August 1938 with Dorothy Lamour in “The Hurricane”. This 2,200 seater (965 circle, 1235 stalls) was the flagship of Sol Scheckman’s Essoldo circuit. Situated on Westgate Road, known as ‘little Wardour Street’, it was opposite the Gaumont (now the Academy Newcastle) and adjacent to the Stoll Picture Theatre (now Tyne Theatre and Opera House) and the Pavilion Cinema. Film renters offices, including all the majors like M-G-M, 20th Century-Fox and United Artists, were located on Westgate Road also.

The Essoldo Cinema was designed by architect William Stockdale of North Shields and interior decoration was by M. Alexander & Son. It had full stage facilities and a tall fly tower and was equipped with a 2Manual Lafleur organ. There was a circle lounge cafe for the convenience of its patrons.

Throughout its lifetime it kept pace with all modern developments including Cinemascope, 6 track magnetic stereophonic sound, 70mm, Sensurround, Dolby Stereo etc. It was one of the few cinemas in the UK to boast 4 projectors in the 1960’s, ie two Cinemaccanica Victoria 8’s for 70mm Roadshow presentations and 2 Westars for 35mm General Releases.

The Essoldo Cinema was a first-run venue for much of its lifetime. Becoming a Roadshow venue in the 1950’s which included a season run of “The King And I”, M-G-M’s “Ben-Hur” opened in 1960. This was concurrent with London’s Empire Theatre, Leicester Square (the latter’s last presentation before it was subdivided into the Empire Ballroom and the smaller Empire cinema of today). “Ben-Hur” was to have run at the Essoldo Cinema for a whole year, but following a disagreement with M-G-M over terms it came off after 6 months – still impressive for a 1,975 seater (as it now was) in a relatively small provincial city.

Other ‘biggies’ were “My Fair Lady”, “Doctor Zhivago”, “The Battle of the Bulge”, “Far From The Madding Crowd” and “Paint Your Waggon” , which, apart from an extended run of “Woodstock” was the swansong of the Essoldo Cinema in its single screen form before it closed for twinning in February 1971.

The luxurious twin Essoldo Cinema re-opened after a six month closure with “Love Story” showing on a ‘showcase’ basis with separate performances and all seats fully bookable – in both theatres! The new capacities were: Essoldo 1 – 600 (the former stalls) Essoldo 2: 373 (the former rear circle). So there were now 973 seats with 2 screens as opposed to 1,975 with one…….a drastic loss of seating indeed!

It was, however, Essoldo’s new policy (though not in evidence at their less important cinemas) to emphasise comfort rather than capacity – not that the old Essoldo had ever been uncomfortable, of course — just it was now the 1970’s and cinema admissions were still falling dramatically. The main loss of seating was in the circle where the screen for Essoldo 2 was now situated within the Dress (Front) Circle area, which in itself had originally seated 400 patrons; consequently the centre and rear circle area had to be narrowed in order to make the new cinema symmetrical.

Patrons entering Essoldo 1, however, could not be prepared for a greater surprise – the stalls still had its full width and, at the stage end, almost its original height. Upon initial entry, the impression was given that one was entering the stalls area of a 2,000+ seater. This was an illusion, of course, for it seated only 600. Much of the rear stalls had been replaced by a new projection suite (Fedi projectors, 70mm, stereophonic sound), toilets and kiosks. The remainder of the stalls could still have seated about 900+ with conventional seating and legroom but instead, 600 luxury seats with headrests had been installed and there was sufficient legroom for one to stretch out fully — much more than the author has found in any of today’s much hyped multiplexes.

For that matter, the first time the author visited Essoldo 1 was for the first presentation after “Love Story” (which continued upstairs in Essoldo 2), this being the epic about Pearl Harbour, “Tora! Tora! Tora!”. Presented in 70mm and full 6 track stereo this 20th Century-Fox film was absolutely superb and neither before nor since has the author heard such effective stereo. The audience was literally ducking during the scene of the main attacks (I have not seen “Pearl Harbor” a recent film on the subject, but I doubt that it could have been as good as this!).

In 1974, ABC, now part of EMI, were looking for a location in the city because of problems with their Haymarket Theatre and their landlords, Newcastle University. They acquired the Essoldo Cinema and programmed it in conjunction with the Haymarket Theatre.

The occasional special presentation still played at the ABC, Westgate Road. By the 1980’s, however, the glory days were over. Video had dealt a final blow (almost) to British Cinema. Ironically, when admissions started to rise again in 1985, Thorn-EMI, the umbrella company of ABC put its cinema division, along with Elstree Studios, EMI Films (formerly ABPC) and Pathe Equipment, on the market.

Against everyone’s wishes the Cannon Group obtained the organisation and, always strapped for cash, that ‘infra dig’ company went on an asset stripping mission. The former Essoldo Cinema was one of the casualties when they closed in on 11th January 1990.

Contributed by Terry Charnock

Recent comments (view all 15 comments)

project
project on February 3, 2005 at 5:49 pm

the essoldos architect was either william stockdale or edwin lawson.

Ampex175
Ampex175 on February 4, 2009 at 6:57 pm

I have many happy memories of this theatre both before and after the conversion. Screen 2 was basically the former circle area with original proj. box (replete with Vic.8s).

Screen 1, in the former stalls area was (as already indicated) fabulously comfortable. Presentation was also first class. I recall many 70mm screenings inc. Logan’s Run and A Star Is Born. There was also an impressive run of Polaroid 3D around 1972.

terry
terry on May 30, 2015 at 1:52 pm

I have uploaded a photo of the ABC Westgate Road taken during its heyday as the Essoldo. As seen, the building was at its most impressive in the evening when all the neon lighting provided a great effect.

terry
terry on June 19, 2015 at 5:31 am

I have uploaded a photo of ABC 1 (former stalls).

The 600 seats of screen 1 seen here occupied a space large enough for over 900 conventional cinema seats of the time. These, in fact, are from the stalls of the ABC Blackpool which were surplus to requirements following the sad tripling of that venue resulting in the cessation of live shows.

The original Essoldo seats were even more comfortable as they were complete with headrests. ABC sent them back to Essoldo Furnishings in Glasgow as they were becoming ever more cost conscious and the original seats had to be maintained by Essoldo and not ABC’s in house seating, carpeting and upholstery team.

terry
terry on June 21, 2015 at 1:13 pm

Interior shot of the original auditorium has been added to the photos section.

terry
terry on June 29, 2015 at 6:31 am

Two more ‘Roadshow’ photos uploaded – more to follow…..

terry
terry on July 3, 2015 at 11:08 am

Photo of ABC 1 from front crossover uploaded.The gold seats had just been reupholstered in red and standard ABC ‘Calendar'carpet laid when this was taken. In the name of 'hygiene’ no longer was there deep pile Axminster between the rows but red lino. Loads of legroom still though!

Mike_Blakemore
Mike_Blakemore on July 5, 2015 at 3:55 am

Sol Sheckman … of Essoldo normally was tight with his spending on the Cinemas. But this one he did spend money with out argument… Hmm There are many tales about him.. But then again I am one to talk… :o)

terry
terry on July 15, 2015 at 7:32 am

Whilst awaiting other photos of this once highly prestigious venue which I shall in turn upload, I did happen to come across a certain novelty pic which I have added to the relevant section here.

I was not at the Newcastle ABC on its last day of operation as I had foolishly already transferred to Darlington and that shower, Cannon, saw to it that I was unable to attend the farewell party held at Newcastle on the final day of operation.

The theatre staff obviously held Cannon in as high esteem as I did and they baked a cake replete with logo to demonstrate this admiration……..

I was informed that during the afternoon of the very last day of operation a Company Executive (whose name I shall not mention but he was the one behind the plot to stop me from attending the ‘send off’), paid a visit and was shown the item which was to be the centerpiece of the evening buffet and,like Queen Victoria, he was not amused………

One would have thought that perhaps he may have been, being an ex ABC person, but as we were to find out, those ABC executives who survived the initial cull following the ‘big bang, were to become more ‘Cannonised’ than that outfit’s original personnel. Rather like the film exhibitors’ equivalent of Catholic Converts, I always considered ……………

davepring
davepring on July 15, 2015 at 8:14 am

For me Cannon represented the dark days of cinema in the U.K. I was even hopeful that the ABC Management buy out would be a success but sadly this was not to be and many of our great cinemas have now disappeared from the townscape to be replaced by Odeon dull multiplexes.

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